Local Region Lags Behind on Broadband Access
Sponsored by The Center for Rural Pennsylvania, the study discovered that every county in the Commonwealth fell below the threshold of 50 percent of the population having access to FCC-defined broadband connectivity.
The official FCC broadband definition is a minimum of 25 Mbps (Megabits per second) download and 3 Mbps upload.
Researchers collected data from over 11 million broadband speed tests from all across the state in 2018, measuring broadband speeds in each county. The tests showed that median speeds across the vast majority of the state do not meet the FCC’s criteria to qualify as broadband.
Locally, the test results looking at median download speeds show that Clarion County has one of the lowest median speeds in our region, and falls far below the FCC broadband threshold, with a median of just 4.5292 Mbps.
The only local county that falls lower is Forest County, with a median download speed of 2.5770 Mbps. Venango County comes in close ahead of Clarion County with a median of 5.0681 Mbps, while Armstrong and Jefferson Counties are both faring a bit better, at 7.9805 Mbps and 7.3325 Mbps respectively. The only local county to even break out above 10 Mbps is Butler County, where the median download speed is 12.847 Mbps, still barely half of the FCC minimum standard for broadband.
According to the report, findings of this kind were widespread across the state.
The study states that although the FCC’s official broadband maps from December 2017 (which were then updated in May 2019) show 100 percent availability across all of Pennsylvania to broadband speeds over 25 Mbps, most areas did not actually meet the FCC’s criteria to qualify as broadband.
It also noted that connectivity speeds are “substantially slower” in rural communities than in urban communities.
Specifically, the report states that “the research team found that areas where observed median speeds did meet the FCC’s minimum definition of broadband connectivity were clustered around major metropolitan areas (especially Philadelphia and Pittsburgh), and that outside of a handful of urban cores, almost no areas of the state qualified as having median speeds that met the FCC’s definition for broadband.”
The study found that since 2014, “the discrepancy between ISPs’ self-reported broadband availability in the FCC’s broadband maps and this research’s speed test results collected via the M-Lab platform has grown substantially in rural areas, but not in urban areas; this may indicate a growing overstatement of broadband service availability in rural communities.”
“These growing inaccuracies may be leading to a misinformed notion of progress in closing the digital divide, and an increasingly inaccurate overstatement of broadband availability in rural areas. One result may be the lowering of program eligibility for government funding to the very areas where service provision is lacking,” it concluded.
The report goes on to suggest that “in-depth work is recommended to take place in parallel with necessary interventions to address these broadband shortcomings. In particular, increasing the level of granularity of Pennsylvania’s broadband maps and ensuring regular updating of these resources, would enable both more informed (and targeted) policy interventions, and ensure that more communities are eligible for earmarked support to help bridge existing digital divides.”
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